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Japan said on Saturday it has installed anti-missile systems in several parts of the country following North Korea's threat to launch four ballistic missiles towards the American island of Guam.

Here's a closer look at Guam and its role in the US and North Korea's ongoing war of words.

US President Donald Trump warned on Friday that the US military was "locked and loaded, should North Korea act unwisely".

Carlin, as well as other North Korea experts on the call, agreed that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un would most likely decide against firing the missiles, as they're unreliable and present a large risk should they fail.

Regardless of the potential threat, Guam's governor, Eddie Baza Calvo, wants his people to "live their lives" and says that nothing has changed. "I don't see North Korea's story having any impact on tourism at this point". He added that Kim Jong Un should "take heed of the" U.N.'s security council, which believes North Korea "poses a threat to global security and stability".

Eric Talmadge is an Associated Press writer. Seoul is 2,000 miles (3,200 kilometers) to the northwest, Tokyo is 1,500 miles (2,400 kilometers) north and Taipei is 1,700 miles (2,700 kilometers) west. That is close to half the distance between Guam and Hawaii, which sits about 3,960 miles away.

The naval base is an important outpost for USA fast-attack submarines that are a key means for gathering intelligence in the region, including the Korean peninsula and the South China Sea where China has been building military bases on man-made islands.

Japan temporarily controlled the island after the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941, but allied forces reclaimed the territory three years later. The U.S. recaptured the territory three years later.

As an unincorporated USA territory, citizens of Guam can not vote in general elections. File photo by U.S. Air Force/Staff Sgt. Photo by Robert Hicks/Handout via REUTERS.

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During the Vietnam War, the Air Force sent 155 B-52 bombers to Guam to hit targets in Southeast Asia. As a result, Guam's economy relies heavily on the U.S. Armed Forces, which owns a third of the island. "They are here to protect the islands, just in case something happens".

The drill coincides with the four-day "Ulji Freedom Guardian" military manoeuvres on August 21-24, which are held yearly and include joint exercises by the US and South Korean armed forces, as well as drills for emergencies.

Guam's total population is 160,000.

The official languages of Guam are English and Chamorro, which means 'noble.' It's a Malayo-Polynesian language that has incorporated Spanish words over time. "Most likely if something happens, United States missiles will be fired".

On August 8, a US Pacific Air Forces website reported that two US Air Force B-1B bombers joined their counterparts from the Republic of Korea and Japanese air forces in bilateral missions.

"The way our infrastructure is built - an 8.3 natural disaster a decade ago, powerful typhoons - they are well-equipped to coordinate both pre-event and also post-event", he said.

Tourists frolic on the waters overlooking posh hotels in Tumon tourist district on the island of Guam, a U.S. Pacific Territory.

Guam is a launching point for USA strategic bombers that the North, virtually flattened by US bombs during the 1950-53 Korean War, sees as particularly threatening. And at the southern end, there's the Naval Base Guam that hosts the Submarine Squadron Fifteen and the USS Frank Cable. Andersen Air Force Base hosts a Navy helicopter squadron and Air Force bombers that rotate to Guam from the USA mainland. About 7,000 USA soldiers and their families live on the island, which has a population of 160,000, according to the Associated Press.

A key United States military stronghold, Guam was the departure point for US B-52 bombers that attacked Hanoi during the 1955-1975 Vietnam war. It did so to compensate for US forces diverted from other bases in the Asia-Pacific region to fight in the Middle East. China has repeatedly called on North Korea halt its nuclear weapons testing program. It's created to destroy ballistic missiles during their final phase of flight. "No missile is going to land on Guam", Peterson said Thursday.