The measure came after President Donald Trump signed into law a bill passed by US Congress to impose new sanctions on Iran over its missile program in early August.
The vote came after fresh US sanctions in July against Iran, targeting Tehran's missile programme.
Iranian lawmakers on Sunday overwhelmingly voted to approve a bill aimed at countering Washington's adventurous activities in the region, IRNA reported.
He was referring to a 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, known officially as the JCPOA, under which Iran agreed to strict limits on its nuclear programme in exchange for an easing of sanctions.
Iran's National Security and Foreign Policy Committee spokesman Seyed Hossein Naghavi Hosseini, while defending the bill, said the bill does not include any measure that would undermine JCPOA in any way; "Iran will never be the first to kill the nuclear deal and take responsibility for its costs", he added.
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The United States does not recognize China's claim of sovereignty in that location and regards the area as worldwide waters. With the concerted efforts of countries in the region, the situation in the South China Sea has stabilised, he said.
The plan would require Iran's government and armed forces to draw up a strategy to counter United States violations of human rights around the world, and to support Iranian bodies and individuals affected by U.S. sanctions.
The bill mandates the government to allocate an additional $260 million for the "development of the missile programme" and the same amount to the Revolutionary Guards's foreign operations wing, the Quds Force, state news agency IRNA said.
Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi also voiced approval of Rouhani's administration for the bill.
The accounts of the entities will be blocked and their properties in Iran will be confiscated.
The government must also use all available global capacities, including the United Nations Human Rights Council, to take action against the USA over its human rights violations, "like its crimes against humanity in Yemen".