Number of global displaced up to 65.6 million last year

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The UN's major annual survey of displacement said at the end of 2016, there were 65.6 million people forcibly displaced worldwide, some 300,000 more than a year earlier, due to war and persecution.

The report notes Afghanistan and Iraq have the second and third largest numbers of forcibly displaced people and that South Sudan has the world's fastest growing refugee and displacement crisis. While the world's poorest nations shoulder the greatest burden of the global refugee crisis, the report found that most of the 2.8 million asylum claims made in 2016 were lodged in rich countries.

About two-thirds of the newly displaced people fled somewhere else in their own country.

The U.N. Refugee Convention states that a refugee is a person who has fled their home and country because of "a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion". Of the 65.6 million people that were found displaced previous year, the report notes that 10.3 million were newly displaced, which equates to one person becoming uprooted every three seconds.

However, figures in the report showed that, worldwide, most refugees - 84 per cent - were in developing or middle-income countries at the end of 2016, with one in every three (4.9 million people) being hosted by the world's least developed countries.

"If there is no security, there is no point", Grandi said, after meeting and talking to displaced families at the protection of civilians site about their needs.

Among the report's key findings, is that new displacement in particular remains very high. Every minute, 20 people somewhere in the world become refugees.

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The report tracked three types of movement: refugees, internal displacement and asylum-seekers.

"The richest and most stable countries from Europe to the U.S. do their uttermost to keep refugees away".

Turkey was the country hosting the largest number of refugees in the world, with 3.1 million, followed by Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon and Pakistan. While civil conflicts have driven many Somalis out, there have also been desperate conditions such as famines and droughts that have forced people to leave the country.

Uganda needs more help from the global community in dealing with huge numbers of refugees from South Sudan, Amnesty worldwide said Monday.

It also illustrates the need for countries and communities supporting refugees and other displaced people to be properly resourced and supported, the absence of which can cause instability, have consequences for life-saving humanitarian work or lead to secondary displacement. Afghanistan had produced the largest number of refugees for 32 years before conditions worsened in Iraq and Syria.

Turkey, for the third consecutive year, has hosted the largest number of refugees worldwide, a new United Nations report has said.

Over 5.5 million people face severe food insecurity, with an estimated 100,000 of them facing starvation, according to United Nations estimates.

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