Trump could veto the bill, but with that kind of bipartisan support, he would be unlikely to get his way.
"By codifying existing sanctions and requiring Congressional review of any decision to weaken or lift them, we are ensuring that the United States continues to punish President [Vladimir] Putin for his reckless and destabilizing actions", Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer wrote in a statement, as cited by Reuters.
The amendment on Russian Federation, which passed in a 97-2 vote on Wednesday, was attached to a bill to strengthen sanctions on Iran.
It also aims to punish Russia's Vladimir Putin for interfering in last year's USA election, and to make it tougher for the White House to roll back sanctions.
The Senate adopted amendment #232 as modified (Russia sanctions) to S. 722, Iran Sanctions, 97-2.
The new measures are presented in the form of an amendment to the draft law on the application of sanctions against Iran.
Senators insisted the new Iran sanctions won't undermine or impede enforcement of the landmark nuclear deal that Obama and other countries reached with Tehran two years ago. Rand Paul of Kentucky and Mike Lee of Utah.
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The program was blocked by a federal judge in Texas after 26 states sued. The Trump administration is still reviewing a policy set in 2012 by U.S.
President Donald Trump campaigned on easing tensions with Russian Federation, arguing that it would be in America's best interest to try warming relations with Vladimir Putin. The legislation also curbs President Trump's power to unilaterally remove sanctions on Russian Federation without congressional approval.
Trump's secretary of state, Rex Tillerson, had questioned the legislation in testimony in the House of Representatives on Wednesday. Bob Corker of Tennessee, the Republican chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, joined the effort to push the legislation forward.
Mueller is investigating alleged Russian interference in the 2016 USA presidential election and possible collusion with the Trump campaign.
President Trump is expected to meet Mr. Putin for the first time, ahead of G20 meeting. Individuals who carried out cyber attacks on behalf of the Russian government are also targeted. He said Tuesday the administration should be supportive of the measure.
The amendment to the underlying Iran sanctions bill maintains and expands sanctions against the government of Russian Federation in response to the violation of the territorial integrity of the Ukraine and Crimea, its brazen cyber-attacks and interference in elections, and its continuing aggression in Syria, said officials.
- Allow broad new sanctions on key sectors of Russia's economy, including mining, metals, shipping and railways.